Can the dentist tell you? Horses and other equids evolved as grazing animals, adapted to eating small amounts of the same kind of food all day long. If these heel chains (with extensions) are 4’, and the regular heel chains are about 20”, this would require cutting off 28” from the butt-end which would begin to put the tapered portion of the tongue into the hounds, which will cause a poor, loose fit. Obviously, bigger, taller, longer horses will require more distance than smaller, shorter, more compact ones. A draft rein is the longer of the pair-horse driving reins. ... Long-time horse lover, first-time horse owner. Pelzel-McCluskey said horses often heal in seven to 10 days after the vesicles rupture, barring complications brought on by infected lesions or underlying health problems (more on … Approximately 3 1/2" wide. This may be obvious to some, but how do you judge the size of your horse's tongue? If the hold-back system for each horse is properly adjusted as I have described above, then all the force of backing the wagon is handled by the hold-back system (brichen, quarter straps, pole strap). Or do you try to open your horse's mouth with the bit in (mine isn't keen so it's hard to look). this horse. The disease is caused by a virus, which although rarely life threatening, can have significant financial impact on the horse industry. User; Horses . 1. will work as long as it’s straight and rigid. Wood sulky plow tongue with neck yoke and painted white. Too long and you have unnecessary strain on the shafts, horse, and excessive trace length. Horse Trailer Tongue Weight. To explain why this is important, and what can happen if the holdback system is adjusted out too long, let’s consider the example of backing up a loaded wagon. This is fortunate since with smaller horses the tongue and neckyoke will naturally need to be carried proportionately lower. 5,761 views. agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com On mowers with gears running in an oil bath, the end of the tongue needs to be carried at a specified distance from the ground – 31 inches in the case of McCormick Deering. Overview of the oral cavity, the tongue and the cheek teeth In the wild, the horse adapted to eating prairie grasses in semi-arid regions and traveling significant distances each day in order to obtain adequate nutrition. Likewise, the size of a dog’s tongue will affect the sound of his bark. I had to remove particles a few times from my mares tongue. When necessary, after asking horses to back up I use the stick to help signal them when/where to stop. We covered a lot of material in the 5 day workshop, and having the videos to help troubleshoot as I encounter situations with my horses is a tremendous help to me. The tongue length depends a lot upon the width of the trailer at the front. Conversely, lengthening the holdback system results in the horses being farther from the neck yoke and end of the tongue, and therefore closer to the singletrees. Language: English Location: United States Restricted Mode: Off History Help Adjusting the Holdback System: In my mind, making sure the holdback systems on the harnesses are properly adjusted is important in any case, but doubly so before choosing the tongue length for a given team. When the bottom of a collar is pulled forward like this, the back straps tend to hold the middle of the collar back acting like a fulcrum. However, if the hold-back system is adjusted out too long, with the point of attachment of the pole and breast straps forward of the “hame line,” then backing the load puts a forward pulling force on the bottom of the hames through the breast straps (figure 2). This gives the tongue optimal space. Many Australians also don’t know about the use of ‘tongue-ties’ – a tight strap that ties a horse’s tongue to their jaw in an attempt to prevent them ‘choking’ or avoiding the bit when it cause discomfort. Horses and other equids evolved as grazing animals, adapted to eating small amounts of the same kind of food all day long. About 50 % of horses have wolf teeth. Tongue-ties are banned in most non-racing sports by the international governing body of equestrian sports, Federation Equestre Internationale, so you will not see them in events like show-jumping, dressage and eventing. We added chains to the heel chains that are on the Fjord harness, so the chains are quite long, maybe 4 feet. Okay you can usually see the bulging out the sides of the mouth and if the bit is in the mouth it is easier then to hold the side of the bit snd lift the horses lips which will open his mouth and be able to have a look at how the bit is sitting on the tongue, you would clearly see if the horse had a thick tongue, have a look now you know what you are looking for. Wagon tongues can be trimmed on both ends for length, but in this case they might consider trimming the tip end. Horses And More! Having the rear ends of the team so far from the driver would require quite a long stick which could be unhandy or awkward. Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) is a contagious disease that afflicts horses, livestock, wildlife and even humans. Feline species have long papillae for grooming, so their tongue is rough. Adjustable Tongues: Adjustable tongues are an alternative to having just one length tongue, or to cutting off a perfectly good tongue that you might need for a larger team later. You can simply hold the straight edge in one hand and pull the straps forward with your other hand. You may need to move your hand up or down to be sure there is no slack in either the pole strap or breast strap. Vesicular Stomatitis is a reportable disease; in a suspect case, state and federal animal health authorities will be contacted by your veterinarian. Checking out the parts. For light work, such as horse show competition where light carts are used, a harness needs only a breastcollar. Assuming the doubletree is at an acceptable distance from the front of the vehicle or implement, this measurement will need to remain the same on the shortened tongue. When a horse begins to lick and chew during or after performing an exercise, he is visibly relaxing his mouth, face, neck and shoulders. A different bit can also help retrain your horse not to put its tongue over the bit if it has picked up that habit. My horse is having issues getting his tongue over the bit/sticking his tongue out and I have tried everything - it is costing me valuable points. Conversely, the lower the singletrees, the farther from the horses they must be (figure 5B). My forecart pole is set up for draft horses. Due to the vast number of blood vessels present, most tongue wounds heal themselves rather quickly in four to seven days. I think it is quite a bit longer than I need, but the extra length is not a big deal and I can hitch bigger horses if I ever want to. Hope that helps. We shorten the quarter straps to move the point back towards the horse, or lengthen both quarter straps to position it farther ahead. Eye Shield 5. - Duration: 0:55. Below is Dave’s much appreciated contribution to this discussion: Tongue lengths – There are a few ‘rules of thumb’ that I have observed over the years and use. [The slack should be out of the holdback system when doing this. With the horses harnessed but not hitched to the cart, lay the straight edge up and down along the roll of the collar and in contact with the front edge of the hame (photo 2). Feline. Since the pole straps are attached to the neckyoke and the neckyoke to the tongue and the tongue to the wagon, the wagon rolls back when the horses back up. DH], Anyway, what I advise in custom fitting a pole or tongue to any animal is that while they are hitched to the rail, hook up your neckyoke and measure from the neckyoke center ring (or leather center on a buggy neckyoke) down the tongue to the end of the extended tug, less one chain link, and this is what you want for neckyoke to doubletree measurement. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Deep cuts should be looked at by a doctor. Overview of the oral cavity, the tongue and the cheek teeth I learned and benefited so much from your workshop, and do use it daily! That'll give you the absolute minimum tongue length, unless you don't care if the corner of the trailer clears the bumper. I realize that the angle the photo was taken from is distorting things to some extent. The vehicle is the forecart, and of course the pole is fixed and rigid and doesn’t ‘give’ at all as we move across bumpy ground. The horse’s tongue is made up of more than a dozen different muscles and is a highly specialised working tool. Otherwise, there can be excessive pressure and friction on one edge of the brichen, and too little on the other edge, which can rub the skin raw. It fits over the bit, and a rubber part hangs down. The tongue bow bar has a special, flattened shape of the bow. If you are riding him, switch to a hackamore until he has totally healed up. This forward pull on the bottom of the hames has the potential to pop the bottom of the hames off the collar (forward). One problem with using the “neckyoke to doubletree” measurement that a teamster might be familiar with, is that when they do the construction part the overall tongue length is often mismeasured by failing to add an additional 6” from the neckyoke to the tongue end itself, while buggy poles need 4” additional. Tongue-ties are banned in most non-racing sports by the international governing body of equestrian sports, Federation Equestre Internationale, so you will not see them in events like show-jumping, dressage and eventing. Your question involved wagon tongues, but there might be an interest in buggy poles also to your readers. But legs banged on singletrees and other structures have also caused horses to panic resulting in wrecks, runaways, kicking frenzies, tragic injuries, deaths. Your question posed proposed cutting off the rear portion of the tongue. Try a tongue port for tongue problems. Horse Trailer Tongue Weight. The horse back up into me wanting more, so I did so continuing to kiss and lick his asshole reaching in my tongue as far as possible and tasting his shit which was amazingly not that bad either. This difference between front and rear straps is sometimes necessary to get the top and bottom edges of the brichen to make equal contact with the curve of the horse’s rump. The horse is an herbivore, which means it feeds mostly on plants. A shorter tongue will also reduce the overall length of your outfit, thereby giving you better maneuverability and turning dynamics. Any ideas? The tongue is capable of vigorous and precise movements due to the apex being free of attachments to the oral cavity. The other situation where I’ve occasionally used it is when a severely colicing horse has to take a long … I am able to watch this only from the driver’s position, so don’t get a good look. I' m sawing some 12' long and wondered if a lighter wood like red cedar would work or if white oak or black locust would be better. Sisters, Oregon 97759 This safe distance consideration applies to other structures on vehicles, implements, and equipment as well as singletrees. When you say it bulges, do you mean the bit bulges over the tongue, or the tongue bulges out through the gap in the teeth? 541-549-2064 Keep in mind we are primarily concerned here with the length of the horses – there are long and short bodied horses in every weight category. The mouthpiece, a thin metal circle, loops over the horse’s tongue and behind the chin, and is attached to a sliphead, … I’m alone up in the mountains being a hermit for the winter, and had to snap the photo myself. JavaScript is disabled. The extremely long trace chains that you have rigged up are essential for hooking your team to the long tongue, but no doubt a bit unhandy. “The Chifney can either be very sharp, or very useful — depending on the handler,” says Olympic gold medallist Jane Holderness-Roddam. If you can get horse to open his mouth or put on a gag, but even if you put a bit in the horses moputh you can usally see how it bulges which shows a thick tongue, so choice of bit would be a thin one, not a big fat rubber bit for example and vice versa, you can put a bit in its mouth and see there is plenty of room in there so a thicker bit could go down well. Duskylove. DH]. Another factor, of course, is the size of the horse(s). The horse’s tongue is very useful---with the big, long mouth area---to help push the food all the way back for swallowing.” Another important function of the horse’s tongue is to keep the teeth clean. Thanks Putasocinit. This is because the lower parts of the legs end up farther back than the upper parts as the body is propelled forward (figure 5). In my workshops and clinics I insist that lines be long enough, and that all drivers sit on the extra line (or otherwise secure the ends) as insurance against completely losing one or both lines if they are fumbled, or when a horse jerks them by stumbling or rooting his nose. Maybe I'm very unobservant, but my pony opens her mouth just enough to get the bit past her teeth, I put the bit in, she closes her mouth while I'm putting the headpiece on over her ears and although she may chew a bit she otherwise keeps her mouth shut. As we drive over rough terrain, and go up and down short hills, I see something bothering the horses, and I am wondering if the quarter straps are becoming too tight? It is also involved in the deglutition reflex and vocalisation. It’s also used to set a rear boundary to prevent or check unauthorized backing up, and if needed, as gentle encouragement to move out forward upon being asked. Miniature Hand made. Such long chains are bound to swing, sway, and flop on the horse’s legs more than standard length chains. The longest tongue for a woman is 3.8 inches (9.75 cm), belonging to Chanel Tapper of Los Angeles. Visors 3. I have learned through my co-worker Amidala, at least two past Belmont winners are horses who like their tongues being pulled. This dynamic might be causing or contributing to the “something” that’s bothering your horses as you “drive over rough terrain, and go up and down short hills”. Using a protractor to measure the angle between the line of her hame (“hame line”) and the line made by the breast strap in the photo, I get a 110 degree angle instead of a 180 degree straight line. Mouthpieces may be smooth, wire-wrapped or otherwise roughened, or of twisted wire or metal. 12' x 3.5" x 3.5" 6 ton wagon tongue 13' fitted and painted white. www.DocHammill.com, Small Farmer's Journal Basically, tongue weight is how much your trailer weighs if you were to walk up to the front and lifted the front end yourself. Skip to content. A horse pulls back when tied with a bridle and bit, and the bit cuts the tongue. 0:24. I appreciate that what we learned in your workshop closely follows and is reinforced by the videos. I have seen both round and square tubular metal telescoping tongues, and also square wooden inserts which slid into a square metal tubular base piece. Some Tongue in Cheek Sketches ... Too short and the horse will catch the carriage. Do you just judge by eye? Horses have 12 pre-molars in and 12 molars situated behind the pre-molars. A horse may have a rudimentary premolar, in front of the upper cheek teeth known as a wolf tooth. 0:33. There should about 2-3 wrinkles at the corners of the horse's mouth when the bit it sitting properly. Wagon tongues generally require 1 additional foot in length strictly because of the nature of the doubletree. 3. The determination of how much distance there should be between the horse’s rear legs and the singletrees is critical. It’s very acceptable for the point of attachment of the pole and breast straps to the neckyoke to be anywhere in a range from at the “hame line” to a few inches behind it (towards the horse’s chest). As mentioned earlier, a tongue that’s somewhat too long can be acceptable, but one that’s truly too short is dangerous. Tongue wounds are often caused when blows are received to the chin. Typically a human tongue is around 3.3 inches (8.5 centimeters) for men and 3.1 inches (7.9 cm) for women, according to the University of Edinburgh. I know of numerous runaways and wrecks caused by just such mishaps, and one man who died because of injuries from a wreck caused by losing a line. At this appropriate tongue height the surface of the oil in the gearbox is level, and bathing the gears properly. It requires large amounts of water and regular movement of the horse for food that goes into the mouth at the start of the Digestive tract to get through the various organs and multiple twists and turns then out as waste from the anus. This is fortunate since with smaller horses the tongue and neckyoke will naturally need to be carried proportionately lower. Many horses respond to this with improved ease and increased chewing activity. Another design is a two piece tongue that simply telescopes to different lengths. Some pole straps are adjustable for length, in which case shortening or lengthening the pole strap will give the same results – or a combination of quarter strap and pole strap adjustments can be used. Even if the hames don’t pop off the collar, the bottom of the collar may be pulled forward away from the shoulders and out of position. A bridled horse gets loose and steps on the reins, and the bit cuts the tongue. After considering the standard lengths and procedures that Dave mentions, I recommend that you double/triple/quadruple check – BEFORE cutting the tongue off – to be sure the length you choose will work for your specific horses AND harness. (As described in the article “Where Does The Axle Go?“) Now, if we extend the tongue to 12′, the trailer would look ridiculous, but the tongue load would go down to 7.5% — half. Various types of metal or synthetic substances are used for bit mouthpieces, which may determine how much a horse salivates or otherwise tolerates a bit; a horse having a moist mouth is considered more relaxed and responsive. Main Menu. The center of mass with respect to the axle is the same, so would the second case also tow stable? Mostly, I use it to rub and caress their rumps when stopped – to relax and comfort them, and strengthen our friendship/ companionship bond. Generally, the quarter straps provide the adjustment for moving the pole strap/breast strap attachment point forward or back. Therefore, the digestive system of a horse is about 30 m (100 ft) long, and most of this is intestines. This is exaggerated with the mare on the right, either because her hold-back system is adjusted out relatively longer than the other mare’s, or because she is out ahead of her partner just a bit, or perhaps a combination of the two. I do this and think that everything is ok, but I’m not sure what would not be correct (maybe one component too loose or too tight??) (Don’t actually try that by the way.) This language — which sounds like a foreign tongue to the uninitiated — is what horse people use to describe the intricate details of the horse’s body. If you’re a horse trailer rookie like me, you should also learn the basics of tongue weight. And, how many of you have had a man give you analingus? My husband thinks we should cut the pole off (at the back) and drill the new holes for the bolts, etc. Add an inch or three for fudge factor and ease of backing and it always comes out to four feet plus. Under certain circumstances, such as significant holding back and/or backing up of loads, collar sores may even develop. For horses, such as draft horses, that are approaching 19 hands with weights approaching 2000 lbs., the trailer should be close to 8' tall with 12' total stall length, … A narrow trailer can have a shorter tongue while a squared off nose of a trailer 102" wide needs a five foot tongue if possible. The average horse's heart weighs approximately 9 or 10 pounds. (Left rein to left horse and right rein to right horse.) When a team attempts to back the wagon, the horses move back pushing the brichens behind their rumps back with them. The result is a lever action which tends to force the top of the collar backwards and downward against the top of the neck. The axle is positioned so with an even load on the trailer bed, the resulting tongue load is 15%. The world’s longest tongue is 3.97 inches (10.1 cm) long, from the tip to the middle of the closed top lip, and belongs to Nick Stoeberl of Salinas, California, according to Guinness Book of World Records. You must log in or register to reply here. Whether driving a single horse, a two horse team, or larger hitches, the higher the singletrees are from the ground the closer they can be to the horse without danger of the hind legs hitting them (figure 5A). HORSES ARE NOT INCLUDED. Thanks so much for the help Doug… my progress and enjoyment with the horses is very positive, so much because of your methods and encouragement. Tongue-ties are used in horse racing around the world in varying degrees, and require no veterinary oversight. Porcine. If you’re a horse trailer rookie like me, you should also learn the basics of tongue weight. The normal horse's large intestine is about 12 feet long. It may fit her just fine when in the proper position back against the shoulders. Measure from the center of the ball to the farthest outside point on the bumper of the widest rig you plan on pulling it with. Tagged: Harness racing Racing animals Thoroughbred horses Why is it important to vaccinate my horse against Hendra virus? I made a tongue that works for my 1000# Halflingers not long ago that is about 10 foot long from the tip to the doubletree pin hole. The fact that you put their early training on hold and took a year to learn what you needed to know before proceeding with them is commend- able. Nature made horses to be virtual running machines that can reach speeds of nearly 40 miles per hour. Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT. I remember checking the relationship between the pole strap-quarter strap-neck yoke to the butt-chain and tugs in the workshop… so everything had a similar tension, right? You may want to check his tongue on a regular basis to make sure that no food gets stuck (this will help you avoid infection and prolonged healing). Tongue tying may make sense for race horses, but the practice can cause long-term tongue issues which can be tough to fix. Cheekpieces 4. I have been working with the Fjords most weekends. The normal horse’s small intestine is about 70 feet long. The tongue of a horse with anhidrosis is both dry and red, indicating excessive heat in the body as well as an inability to produce moisture. The great New Zealand / Australian racehorse, Phar Lap, had a heart that weighed 14 pounds. ... Doberman Yawn with LONG tongue - Duration: 0:10. heymama1 … Although you did not specifically ask about considerations and procedures for determining how much to shorten the tongue on your cart, I’ll go into some detail on that as it might be helpful to you and other readers. NOTE: whenever adjusting paired straps on a harness – such as quarter straps, back straps, hip straps – make sure that both of the paired straps end up the same length. Vesicular Stomatitis is a reportable disease; in a suspect case, state and federal animal health authorities will be contacted by your veterinarian. Sticking the tongue out is an evasion that comes from nerves, so most horses with this problem have other problems, too. On top of that, his son Anak Nakal will be contending in this year's Belmont. Of course, just about right is best. And, the only force/pull on the collars, hames, and breast straps is the downward pull of holding up the weight of the neckyoke and the tongue (figure 1). However, a tongue that is definitely too short, relative to the size/length of the horses, can cause problems and be unsafe, and therefore dangerous (more about that later). We built a forecart this way many years ago. Conversely, if the holdback system is adjusted too short (too close to the horses’ chests) when the tongue length is determined, lengthening the quarter straps effectively moves the horses closer to the singletrees – maybe too close. Because the bacteria is so easily transmissible, one horse can quickly infect a whole stable, or one horse at a horse show can spread the illness more widely. I hope some of this rambling is helpful. I like to use a driving stick as an extension of my arm/hand to communicate with the horse(s) at times when driving. Taking that into account, I still suspect the holdback systems need to be shortened a bit on both horses. The horse’s tongue lies neatly on the floor of the mouth between the bodies of the jaw. 4. This may be obvious to some, but how do you judge the size of your horse's tongue? In the wild, the horse adapted to eating prairie grasses in semi-arid regions and traveling significant distances each day in order to obtain adequate nutrition. 2. The option of hooking to the singletrees with various chain links, or holes, on the traces (tugs) gives us options to accommodate reasonably different tongue lengths, and singletree heights. 0:55. Perhaps you noticed the rope pulling the straps tight in photo 2. I called on the expertise and experience of Dave Engel* for some specific recommendations and guidelines on tongues and tongue lengths. I’m not finding this covered on the videos, or at least not yet, anyway. You have come a long way and deserve to be congratulated on how carefully, safely, wisely, and well you have brought your horses from barely trained broodmares to working nicely as a team. In the horse and dog, the tongue is 'u' shaped, becoming broader towards the tip. 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