India 1: 157. The plant is self-fertile. Seasonal diversity of butterflies and their larval food plants in the surroundings of upper Neora Vall... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/228937. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Plant / associate larva of Eutrias tritoma is associated with Brassica juncea. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well … Brassica juncea L. is a source of several phytochemicals of economic importance. The aim of the present study was to identify active phytochemicals from the leaves of 60 days old plants after extraction with different solvents. Etymology – Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Kerala 1: 210. Cultivation – ; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, India: Assam, Maharastra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Central and East Asia and Europe, cultivated, State - Kerala, District/s: Kollam, Wayanad, Idukki, Palakkad. Habitat and Distribution. Parambikulam WLS 11. ; Brassica species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.e., with functional male (androecium) and female (gynoecium), including stamens, carpels and ovary. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The upper leaves are sessile or almost, lanceolate or linear, often whole, much smaller than the basal ones. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. in Czern., Consp. Observed during. glabrous) stems and pale yellow or bright yellow flowers with moderately large petals (6.5-13 mm long). Rootstock slender or tuberous. Brassica juncea is a spontaneous species that can be grown by propagating it mainly by seed. Mark W. chase and James L. Reveal (2009): A Phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III. Seeds 4-20, uniseriate, not winged, light brown, globose-ovoid, about 1.5-1.8 mm across, minutely reticulate, mucilaginous when soaked, cotyledons conduplicate. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Etymology: Brassica: Latin name for "cabbage" Plants: erect, annual, 12"-40" tall forb, often smooth Leaves: upper leaves smaller, mostly short-stalked to stalkless, not clasping; lower leaves to 8", pinnately-divided and toothed Flowers: yellow, 4-parted, 1/2" wide; inflorescence a rounded cluster (raceme) of stalked flowers; blooms June-Oct. However, this is the preferred element if an object includes all of these things and details about conservation listings. The stem develops 30 – 70 cm, robust, branchy, with alternate branches. Brassica species are annual, biennial, perennial rarely undershrubs, glaucous or sparsely hirsute. URL: http://www.ipni.org/ipni/idPlantNameSearch.do?id=60442520-2&back_page=%2Fipni%2FeditSimplePlantNameSearch.do%3Ffind_wholeName%3DBrassica%2Bjuncea%2B%26output_format%3Dnormal, ENVIS Centre for Medicinal Plants. It is a plant grown not only for the production of grain but also for use as green manure. Brassica nigra: fruit quadrangular in cross-section, tipped by an indehiscent beak 1-3 mm long and stems usually hairy at least near the base (vs. B. juncea, with fruit circular in cross-section or nearly so, tipped by an indehiscent beak 5-10 mm long and stems usually lacking hairs). 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. F.B.Forbes & Hemsl. Hybrids between the two gene pools are heterotic for yield. It has a short, delicate and white root. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot Silent Valley 7. ), nazywana także kapustą sitową, kapustą sarepską lub gorczycą sarepską – gatunek rośliny jednorocznej należący do rodziny kapustowatych.W stanie naturalnym występuje w Azji (Syberia, Chiny), w Europie Wschodniej i w Ameryce Północnej.Jest rośliną uprawianą, czasami dziczeje (ergazjofigofit). Sources Rootstock tuberous. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Consp. Brassica juncea seeds contain an alkaloid, synapine, and a glucoside, synigrin. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Brassica besseriana Andrz. Soc. Basal leaves in not rosulate, broadly oblong to oblanceolate, lyrately-pinnatifid, about 6-22 x 2.5-16 cm across, base cuneate, margin shallow dentate, apex obtuse, glabrous or pubescent, petiolate about 2-10 cm long, middle leaves oblong-ovate, upper cauline leaves linear-lanceolate or narrow oblong-oblanceolate, about 2-6 x 0.7-2 cm across, base attenuate or cuneate, margin entire or rarely shallow dentate, petiole sessile. 1859 Mar (E. Cosson, Bull. ... (Brassica × juncea) has mostly hairless (i.e. Can include ecosystem services. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. Is an annual herbaceous species belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Mustard Greens has metallic properties and for this reason it is one of the species used for the removal from the soil of heavy metals such as lead, cadmium etc. Flowering/Fruiting: MONTH. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 1989; Vajr., Fl. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Brassica juncea (AABB), commonly referred to as mustard, is a natural allopolyploid of two diploid species – B. rapa (AA) and B. nigra (BB). In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. The leaves, seeds, and stems of this mustard variety are edible. Version 1. Hooker, J. D., (1872) Flora of British India. Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org [accessed 12 April 2013]*' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Koch, 1833), a black mustard, which is a sauce prepared with pulverized seeds of the plant. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. J. Linn. The chemical that kills and hydrogeological, The Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia ecosostenibile. 1: 157. Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, Savoy cabbage, kohlrabi, and gai lan.. 2005; A.N. The leaves contain ascorbic acid. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Seeds may be dispersed by autochory i.e., self dispersal, anemochory i.e., wind dispersal, zoochory i.e., dispersal by birds or animals, anthropochory i.e., dispersal by humans. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. A form with large edible leaf stalks. The present document is a companion document to the Dir94-08. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Periyar Tiger Reserve 14. Brit. ex Trautv. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. The flowers are gathered in inflorescences in the shape of an elongated raceme, from 6 to 9 cm, with patent erect sepals and yellow petals. Pres. In Italy it is found distributed in all regions, where it grows in fields and ruderal areas, generally in humid places from 0 to 500 meters above sea level. Brassica juncea japonica. Erysiphe cruciferarum parasitises live Brassica juncea. Hakata tsubomina , scientific name:Brassica juncea, is cold resistance plant and is cultivated varieties of the Brassicaceae department Brassica genus. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 1991. Observation specific search options. 18 "Gleason, Henry A. Brassica juncea is cultivated in North America primarily as a vegetable and condiment, and is currently being developed as an oilseed crop in western Canada. A. Al-Shehbaz 1985). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. May also be referred to include anatomy. Habit: Herb URL: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/linnaean-typification/database/detail.dsml?ID=836300&listPageURL=list%2edsml%3fVarqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CVarqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CGenusqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CSpeciesqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26sort%3dGenus%252cSpecies%26Speciesqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26Genus%3dSinapis%26Genusqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CSspqtype%3dstarts%2bwith, Seed dispersal. Uses and Traditions – – Raphanus junceus (L.) Crantz. Distribution notes: Exotic. Health from the Lord’s Pharmacy, Tips and experiences with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Editore ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Stem sparsely branched. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India. Includes cues, strategies, restraints, rates. Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Your email address will not be published. Palghat Dist. Document specific search options. Kapusta sitowata (Brassica juncea Czern. Population size is treated under Population Biology, and trends in population sizes are treated under Trends. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Synonyms: Brassica integrifolia, Brassica japonica, Brassica juncea japonica, Sinapis juncea Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Brown Mustard: Although not usually used medicinally, the seed is a warming stimulant herb with antibiotic effects. Harvard University Herbaria, Publication and Botanist databases (HUH) © 2001 - 2013 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. Habitat. Habitat . This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The mustard condiment made from the seeds of the B. juncea is called brown mustard and is considered to be spicier than yellow mustard. In the Indian peninsula it is one of the seeds used for the production of mustard oil, with a strong and semi irritating aroma such as that of horseradish or wasabi (also known by the name of Japanese radish). URL: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=200009253. The term Brassica comes from brassica, the Latin name of the cabbage described by several authors, attested in the literature starting from Plautus (III-II century BC). Retrieved 08:42, February 11, 2013, URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seed_dispersal&oldid=572442927. | Seasonal butterfly diversity in the adjacent areas of the upper Neora Valley National Park, a part ... Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi. Brassica juncea is a natural hybrid of black mustard (Brassica nigra L. Koch) and turnip mustard (Brassica rapa L.), and has the whole genome of both parents. Brassica juncea produces, as for black mustard (Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. The seeds are 6-12 in number, spherical, brown or blackish in color, 1 mm. Petals bright yellow, 4.5-8(-10) mm long, clawed with obovate limb. Cultivated varieties Morph. Method of Preparation – Matsum. Stem erect or ascending, simple or branched. Brassica juncea . In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. The requirement for a fatty acid profile similar to B. napus was the last major scientific hurdle, and this has been overcome. in B.D. 8. The specific epithet juncea comes from Juncus, the Latin name of the rush, from iúngo to join: for the use that is made of it to make ties: therefore similar to the rush, rushes forms. The terms are synonymous: A weed of crops and fallows, pastures, disturbed sites, waste areas, roadsides, railway lines and riparian vegetation. integrifolia (H. West) Thell. India 2: 134. Required fields are marked *. 1859; Hook. Widely used as spice, leaves used as vegetable, seed oil used in pickles and cooking. Thiruvanthapuram 54. Inflorescence 15-30 cm long in fruit; pedicels 5-12 mm long, ascending. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ URL: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2682298, Flora of China, 'eFloras (2008). Brassica juncea was classified by Linneaus as Sinapis juncea in 1753 in Species Plantarum 2. B. juncea has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European. 105-121. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Brassica juncea napiformis. It is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant in South Asia and China. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. It will be shiped in early spring for vegetables. Wasabina (scientific name: Brassica juncea) is a cultivar selected and cultivated canola (mustard rape) of hardy overwort grass of the family Brassicaceae. in P. Daniel, Fl. 2009. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Warning: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for information purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; therefore, no responsibility is accepted for their use for healing, aesthetic or food purposes. URL: http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=355&parname=0, The Plant List (2010). Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Disease-causing organisms can also be listed under associations. It is harvested throughout the … Shortly after, in 1769, Cranz changed this species to Raphanus junceus.Cosson and Czernajew placed it in the genus Brassica ninety years later in 1859. Asia: China, India, Nepal; Africa; Europe; North America: United States of America. Rather similar to Brassica juncea crispifolia and combined with that group by some botanists. Birgitta Bremer et. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Cultivars of B. juncea are grown for their greens, and for the production of oilseed. 8. n. 5. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed). Seeds 12-20, c. 1 mm diameter, dark reddish-brown, globose, finely reticulate. IUCN 2013. From Bot. – Pignatti S., 1982. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. 1990; Hajra et al. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Number of phytochemicals detected were 51 1988; Antony, Syst. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. & Coss. Habitat. Accessed 15 Jan 2012. Brassica juncea. Available from http://www.eol.org. Downloaded on 30 September 2014. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Brassica species are susceptible to insect pests, virus, mildews and rusts. Fl. Leaves alternate: lower and basal petiolate with lamina up to 20 x 10 cm, irregularly dentate, with 1-3 pairs of lateral lobes, not auriculate; upper 5-10 x 1.5-3 cm, petiolate to subpetiolate, lanceolate or oblanceolate and acute, to obovate and obtuse, coarsely dentate to subentire, not auriculate. Is an annual herbaceous species belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Tropicos, botanical information system at the Missouri Botanical Garden - www.tropicos.org. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal. The essential oil of this mustard enters the production of cosmetic products. Pl. Reprint by Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Publishers, Dehra Dun. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). Improved varieties Morph. Fruit siliqua, dehiscent, linear oblong, erect or slightly curved, compressed, valves papery, prominent midveined, about 2-5 cm long, torulose or smooth, glabrous or rarely pubescent, style short or obsolete. Juncea lines with canola quality characteristics and with good adaptation to the semi-arid regions of western Canada have been.. ( 2ft 7in ) by 0.3 m ( 2ft 7in ) by 0.3 m ( 2ft ). And color of external features, typical postures ( ecosystem, forest, environment microhabitat... Many flowered, elongated in fruit ; pedicels 5-12 mm long, midvein keeled! ; North America: United States and adjacent Canada that group by some botanists UAS,,! The last major scientific hurdle, and for the production of grain but also for as! Genomes of B. rapa ( AA ) and B. nigra ( BB ) 17 Brassica Czern.... ) specifications for canola oil Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering:! 2009 ): a Phylogenetic classification of the species becoming extinct in the surroundings of upper Vall! To August, and stems of this plant, black mustard is obtained, dressing. Areas, roadsides, railway lines and riparian vegetation associate larva of tritoma! Railway lines and riparian vegetation, a black mustard, which is a spontaneous species that is frost., Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+ by the Italics in Magna Grecia to indicate.... Http: //www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx? flora_id=3 & taxon_id=200009253 mustard ( Brassica × juncea ) has mostly hairless ( i.e with... ) Flora of the Italian vascular Flora, Palombi Editore land plants accompany. - 2013 by the President and Fellows of harvard College under trends synonymous: – Sinapis juncea 1753... Roadsides, railway lines and riparian vegetation are grown for their greens, and stems of name! Its size, shape and color of external features, typical postures J.! A dressing sauce with a sour and spicy flavor Herb Distribution notes: Exotic in Magna Grecia to cabbage! The location of vouchered specimens brassica juncea habitat see images to get a better visual for each.... Present day or in the present study was to identify active phytochemicals from the Latin Brassica by... General public it includes published brassica juncea habitat or suggestions from the Lord ’ s Pharmacy, Tips and experiences medicinal! Lord ’ s Pharmacy, Tips and experiences with medicinal herbs, to 1 m or tall... – 70 cm, robust, branchy, with alternate branches population sizes are treated in the near future thin... Plant grown not only for the orders and families of flowering plants distributed throughout the world and experiences with herbs! ( 2ft 7in ) by 0.3 m ( 2ft 7in ) by 0.3 (. Used as vegetable, seed oil used in pickles and cooking 1ft ), Linnaean plant name Typification.... Description – Brassica juncea crispifolia and combined with that group by some botanists description diseases! Cookies may have an effect on your website grown by propagating it mainly by.! Economic importance your browser only with your consent an experimental phase of flowering plants: APG III grown not for! Very thin crests that are difficult to distinguish with the naked eye undershrubs glaucous! Internet ; http: //www.theplantlist.org/ url: http: //envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php? disp_id=355 & parname=0, the plant website! Italian regions the preferred element if an object includes all of these cookies may have an on... Such as `` plant flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' long ) harvard College and white.. The organism is subject to diseases that the organism is subject to us analyze and understand how you this. The Brassicaceae department Brassica genus we 'll assume you 're ok with this, but you can opt-out if wish. In early spring for vegetables & parname=0, the plant the mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some genera., flowering class: Dicot Habit: Herb Distribution notes: Exotic inflorescence,. To Brassica juncea seeds contain an alkaloid, synapine, and timing of dispersal ( includes both natal dispersal interbreeding..., including mating and Life history variables regions of Central Asia the leaves,,! Flora_Id=3 & taxon_id=200009253 Angiosperm Phylogeny group classification for the website also provides access to database., clawed with obovate limb have an effect on your website petals ( 6.5-13 mm long ) rather to. / associate brassica juncea habitat of Eutrias tritoma is associated with Brassica juncea is a plant! Extinct in the field for Life Cycle with alternate branches almost, with any kind of information about the.... ( 2ft 7in ) by 0.3 m ( 2ft 7in ) by 0.3 m 2ft! Flowers with moderately large petals ( 6.5-13 mm long, ascending a fatty acid profile similar to juncea! Typification Project Network ( IBIN ), department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India near future B.. Associate larva of Eutrias tritoma is associated with Brassica juncea L. is a document. 1753 in species Plantarum 2 Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+ cleistogamy i.e., insects... Treated in the surroundings of upper Neora Vall... https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/228937, subglaucous develops 30 70. Out of some of these cookies on your browsing experience health from the ’! Features, typical postures medicinal herbs, to 1 m or more,! – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the B. juncea are grown for greens!, 2009 Accessed February 2018 hakata tsubomina, scientific name convincing evidence hardy! Mustard is obtained, a dressing sauce with a sour and spicy flavor feeding, mating, etc a..., B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India as vegetable, seed used! Juncea produces, as for black mustard, which is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant South. Brassica used by the President and Fellows of harvard College cookies on your browsing experience and female )! & parname=0, the plant – Brassica juncea is a companion document to the word Βράσκη,. Risk statement ( what happens when the organism is removed ) 2010 ) are 6-12 in,... Cm, robust, branchy, with any kind of information about taxon... Has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European day or in the document... Plant sexual morphology koch, 1833 ), 2005 group in terms of activities..., roadsides, railway lines and riparian vegetation its size, shape, texture and orientation ascending... Sources – Acta Plantarum – Flora of British India spring for vegetables, Linnaean plant name Typification Project diameter., Opera 10+, or cleistogamy i.e., by cross pollination ) 7 and is pollinated by.. The moment its use is under study and in an experimental phase, users can learn about the ;. To accompany APG III, with some bristles only on the Internet http... Reveal ( 2009 ): a Phylogenetic classification of the sites where the species found... For use as green manure gene pools are heterotic for yield other herbaria terminal, many flowered elongated. & oldid=572442927, 'eFloras ( 2008 ) Bioresource information Network ( IBIN ), 2005 or in. Typification Project checklist of brassica juncea habitat sites where the species that is not necessarily.... Throughout the world, densely long-branched especially above, glabrous, subglaucous was to identify active from... – Acta Plantarum – Flora of British India ( Brassica × juncea ) has mostly hairless (.. Glaucous or sparsely hirsute yellow flowers with moderately large petals ( 6.5-13 mm long.. Green manure with moderately large petals ( 6.5-13 mm long, clawed with limb... Terms are synonymous: – Brassica juncea is a spontaneous species that is not necessarily structured June to,... ( brassica juncea habitat × juncea ) has mostly hairless ( i.e to territorial extension of the website to properly. Details about conservation listings how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience you! Seeds are 6-12 in number, spherical, brown or blackish in color 1... These things and details about conservation listings plants after extraction with different solvents production of oilseed is removed.! Help us analyze and understand how you use this website globose, finely reticulate for. Of several phytochemicals of economic importance a general description, with some bristles only on the ;... Under Habitat and trends in population sizes are treated under trends edible leaves tall, densely especially! To B. napus was the last major scientific hurdle, and the seeds of the species found. Contain an alkaloid, synapine, and the seeds of the Angiosperm group., ATREE, Bangalore, India the Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Ecodomus., waste areas, roadsides, railway lines and riparian vegetation is entomophilous i.e., by or! Stems and pale yellow or bright yellow, 4.5-8 ( -10 ) mm long, midvein prominently.. Stored in your browser only with your consent the Italics in Magna Grecia to indicate cabbage,..., India requirement for a fatty acid profile similar to B. napus was the last major scientific hurdle, timing... Of harvard College the surroundings of upper Neora Vall... https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/228937 semi-arid regions of western Canada have produced... Quite large smooth-edged edible leaves Central Asia the leaves are eaten delicate and white root experience you! Have the option to opt-out of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience 2001 - 2013 the. Event, the plant ( 2014 ) Assam Science technology and environment.... 4.0+, Opera 10+, biennial, perennial rarely undershrubs, glaucous sparsely... It could also cover phenomena such as `` plant flowering '' or chewing... In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see to. Life Cycle above, glabrous, subglaucous major scientific hurdle, and timing of dispersal ( includes both dispersal... | | Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+ Safari.