The 5 species described all have the same characteristic properties. Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990, The Nature Doctor: A Manual of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, by Dr. H.C.A. Medicinal use. The whole plant is decocted and used in the treatment of athlete's foot, dysentery, enteritis and skin conditions [218]. If plants do sprout, hand pull or hoe out plants, preferably before they produce seed. Grows as a weed in waste places and cultivated soils throughout North America, except in the far north. Euphorbia karwinskyi Boiss. Euphorbia denticulata Lam. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991, Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023. These low-growing plants tend to develop slowly and often are not noticed until late summer. The fruit is a nearly globular capsule about 1/2 inch in diameter; the seeds resemble capers. Ingenol mebutate, a drug used to treat actinic keratosis, is a diterpenoid found in Euphorbia peplus. Spotted spurge can form large, dense mats. $Trumba.addSpud({ Euphorbia maculata L. in Northern America is used for the treatment of corneal opacities and warts [47], while in China, it is used to treat blood disorders (e.g., haematuria, haemoptysis, It is well known for the remarkable diversity of succulent and non-succulent plants that are avidly grown by horticultural The dried plant sap of sun spurge (and other euphorbia species) was once used internally as laxative and emetic but due to the toxicity of the herb, it probably did more harm than good, even causing fatalities. This summer annual in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) can overgrow and smother desirable plants. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Organic mulches, such as shredded bark, compost or straw at least 2″ thick will eliminate the light needed for spotted spurge seed germination, although this will need periodic replacement. Plants are killed by frost. These appear in terminal umbels from April to October. Euphorbia bancana Miq. Introduced into the United States from Europe as an ornamental and now found as a weed, especially in the northeastern states. The leaves, without stalks, are thick, oblong to oblong-spatulate or linear, and sessile or short-petioled; the lower leaves are scattered and alternate, the upper whorled. 5(5), pp. Euphorbia corollata: Gloves should be worn when hand pulling to prevent getting sap on the skin since the sap can be a skin irritant on sensitive individuals; also it is sticky and relatively hard to wash off. Connect with your County Extension Office », Find an Extension employee in our staff directory », Get the latest news and updates on Extension's work around the state, Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: info@extension.wisc.edu | © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Policy | Discrimination and Harassment Complaints | Disability Accommodation Requests | Civil Rights. Hand pulling is best when spotted spurge is growing among other plants. Non-selective herbicides, such as glyphosate, can be used on larger plants, taking care to avoid contact with desirable plants. Some euphorbias are well known and widely commercially available, such as Poinsettias at Christmas. Spotted Spurge Euphorbia Maculata, L. Creeping Spurge, Milk Purslane, Spotted Matweed The implication of this is that Euphorbiaceae is a complex family with a lot of research potential. The ovate, slightly hairy, dark green leaves grow in opposite pairs along pink to maroon, hairy stems. 1. What appear to be flowers are actually greenish-yellow glands subtended by white, petal-like appendages. Thousands of seeds are produced by each plant, which can germinate immediately, the following spring, or remain dormant in the soil for years. Echinacea purpurea Chamaesyce maculata is the name used in the USDA’s Plants Database (http://plants.usda.gov/) but other authorities use other scientific names including Euphorbia maculata, E. supina and C. supina. And they grow fast, often outperforming the plants we are attempting to grow. Some authorities consider them to be in the genus Euphorbia, while others assign them to the genus Chamaesyce. The above accounts show the diverse medicinal uses of Euphorbia species. Spotted spurge produces seeds quickly and prolifically. By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses. Back to Top. Garden spurge is an annual or biennial plant; grows 2-3 feet high, the stems have opposite, sessile, lanceolate leaves, each pair growing at right angles to its neighboring pairs. Contact with its latex has an irritable action on the skin by the action of fucomarines. Uses (Ethnobotany): Traditional medicinal herb in some tropical countries. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. The danger from poisoning from an overdose has all but eliminated the use of spurge, except in homeopathic preparations. Common in moist places as a garden weed in the eastern United States and in California. Other common names include spotted euphorbia, spotted sandmat, milk-purslane, and prostrate spurge. We teach, learn, lead and serve, connecting people with the University of Wisconsin, and engaging with them in transforming lives and communities. They secrete a milky sap (characteristic of the euphorbia family) when broken. In California, it is the most common species of the spurge family, which also includes creeping spurge (E. serpens) and petty spurge (E. peplus).These weeds invade many of the state's crops, affecting vegetables, trees, citrus, turf, ornamental beds, and container ornamentals. The sap is applied to warts in order to destroy them [238, 240]. and E. macrocarpa Boiss. Euphorbia serpens. See instructions, Eating Peppers Could Hold the Key to Parkinson’s Prevention, Civil War Era Medicinals Found Potentially Effective Against Infection, Broccoli’s Cancer-Fighting Potential Revealed. Euphorbia prostrata extract tablets have been marketed in India by Panacea Biotec Ltd. References Small infestations in lawns can be removed by hand, but for more widespread infestations herbicides may be more practical. Medicinal plants used Data on recorded plants such as the family, scientific name, vernacular name, medicinal uses as well as their chemical com-position are presented in Table 1. Euphorbias are often used as hedging plants in many parts of Africa. and E. macrocarpa Boiss. Used for fevers, dropsy, and malaria. Euphorbia hirta L. Hierba de la golondrina: Stomachache: Skin burns aerial parts : Euphorbia maculata L. Hierba de la golondrina: Tooth ache: Severe diarrhea, vomiting seeds : Euphorbia prostrata Aiton: Hierba de la golondrina: Pain in the kidney, wounds, diarrhea: Gastritis, abdominal pain whole plant : Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. Back to Top. The milky sap has sometimes been used against warts. Euphorbia peplus: Spotted spurge is a low-growing plant native to eastern North America that is usually considered a weed in gardens, cultivated agricultural areas, and disturbed sites. Spotted spurge forms a rangy to dense mat of foliage radiating from a central taproot up to two feet long. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. The stems branch out from a central point and do not root at the nodes. Euphorbia maculata is a typically prostrate plant, with occasional specimens reaching up as high as Template:Convert. Introduced from Europe into the United States; became naturalized in the eastern states and in California. Spotted spurge is only a problem in thin lawns, so the best means of preventing it from becoming a problem is to maintain a thick, healthy turf through proper mowing, fertilization and irrigation. The stems spread out in a mat along the ground with each stem rarely greater than Template:Convert long. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Euphorbia corollata: Cypress spurge is a bushy, perennial plant; grows 4-20 inches tall, the stems contain a milky, acrid juice and bear alternate, sessile, linear to filiform leaves below and whorled, ovate-cordate leaves near the top. Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Uses and Identification . Description. Euphorbia maculata: It often grows in poor, compacted soil and generally in full sun. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000. Euphorbia prostrata. A lacy green mat clinging to gravelbars. Chamaesyce, Sicily. Euphorbia maculata. The taxonomy of this group of plants is rather confused, partly because many of the species are similar in appearance. Petty spurge is a small annual plant; the simple or branched stems, from 4-12 inches high, bear alternate, obovate to roundish, petioled leaves; the upper, floral leaves are ovate. Several male and one female flower are aggregated into each cup-like cyathium with white to pink petaloid appendages. Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Should not be used without medical supervision because of danger of poisoning. Recent studies have shown that more than 5% of species of Euphorbiaare used in medicine. The plant is covered with a whitish bloom. Euphorbia globulifera Kunth. It will grow in almost any open area, including waste ground, roadsides, pastures, open woods, in sidewalk cracks and in thin lawns. The milky sap has sometimes been used against warts. This latter common name, however, usually refers to a very similar, but different species of plant. Euphorbia (spurge) is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).Sometimes in ordinary English, "euphorbia" is used to refer to the entire Euphorbiaceae family (as the type genus), not just to members of the genus. The flowers are followed by small fruits. It has been used in cholera, diarrhcea and dysentery in the form of an infusion of the leaves, and has been found to contain caoutchouc resin, tannin, and … 2. was E. resinifera.10 Euphorbia species are collectively known as “spurges”. Euphorbia chrysochaeta W.Fitzg. Euphorbia denticulata Lam. Milk-purslane is a low annual plant; the hairy, prostrate stems and branches radiate to form spreading mats, from 4-30 inches in diameter, on the ground. Euphorbia corollata: Native Americans used the leaf tea of this variety for diabetes; root tea as a strong laxative (this is an extremely strong laxative), emetic, for pinworms, rheumatism; the root poultice was used for snakebites. Published on 2012-11-26 2020-07-27 by susan.mahr. The flowers from in 3-4 rayed umbels. Grows in dry soil, fields, roadsides, from Ontario to Florida and Minnesota to Texas. Acacia nilotica Free E books of Medicinal Plants secrete behind the Avocado now reveled List of Medicinal Plants in America TOXIC PLANTS IN TRADITIONAL INDIAN SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE Use spurge (all the varieties described) with caution. Loosen the soil beneath the foliar mat to remove the root, as the plant can regrow from the crown if the stems are just broken off. The seeds are hydrophilic, sticking to surfaces when they get wet (including animal fur, human’s shoes, etc. Another variety: The Chinese use a plant called spurge (E. helioscopia), the Chinese name is Tse-ch’i. Back to Top, The Complete Medicinal Herbal, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993. The tiny, relatively inconspicuous flowers are grouped in cyathia in the leaf axils where the leaves join the stems. Introduction The genusEuphorbia L. s. l. (Euphorbiaceae) is the third largest genus of flowering plants, with almost 2000 species (Ernst & al. While there is not enough research to cite this as a solution to asthma, it works as an effective symptom management system. But websites are not free to host or maintain. The leaves often but not always have a red spot in the middle. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title VI, Title IX, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act requirements. Euphorbia lathyrus: Not for the casual reader.]. Seeds germinate best in warm soil when temperatures are above 75ºF, although it will sprout at cooler temperatures when moisture is available. Tweet this ... frost. May cause poisoning, dermatitis, blistering of the skin; is an extremely strong laxative. Euphorbia maculata L. in Northern America is used for the treatment of corneal opacities and warts [ 47 ], while in China, it is used to treat blood disorders (e.g., haematuria, haemoptysis, epistaxis, and hemafecia), carbuncles, and wounds [ 38 ]. Each flower lacks petals, having only stamens or pistils. The tripartite seed capsule contains one seed in each of the three locules. The tiny flowers appear singly or in clusters from April to November. Each minute brown seed (1mm long or less) is distinctly hairy with longitudinal ridges or wrinkles. 3.3. Spotted spurge is a low-growing native plant. Euphorbia cyparissias: Back to Top, Other varieties: Spurge (E. arenicola), was known as “Tubicai” by the Moapa Paiutes. url : { filterview : "Program - Horticulture" } , Spotted Spurge, Chamaesyce (=Euphorbia) maculata. The bell-shaped flowers feature large yellow glands with spreading, narrow horns. Also, Pill-bearing spurge (E. pilulifera) has been used (aerial parts) for asthma, as an antispasmodic, as an expectorant; used to reduce phlegm. Numerous studies referred to the purgative and emetic effect of Euphorbiaspecies. This section is from the book "A Manual Of Weeds", by Ada E. Georgia.Also available from Amazon: A Manual Of Weeds. Euphorbia maculata - though not really a serious competitive weed to most garden plants because it grows flat on the ground, is a weed nonetheless. – Susan Mahr, University of Wisconsin – Madison. One of the oldest, most known, and most popular uses of this weed, especially in traditional medicinal practices such as Ayurveda, is as an antiasthmatic. Spotted spurge (Euphorbia maculata) is an annual plant native to the eastern United States. Back to Top Euphorbia ointment and dilutions preparation. It has been used in the treatment of syphilis [4]. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. Ebenus cretica. Chinese Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973. In the past women rubbed the sap on their cheeks which irritated the skin and increased blood flow resulting in a rosy fresh look. Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography. Back to Top. Their name has been derived from the Medieval French word “epurger” (“expurgare” in Latin), referring to the purgative activity of the latex and seeds.11 The traditional medicinal uses of spurge species have a … Toxicity of fig tree. Latest News. Edible Uses None known Medicinal The latex is extremely toxic, irritant and blistering, and never taken internally. Euphorbia lathyrus: For instance in Australia, topical application of latex of Euphorbia peplus L. is used as a home treatment for skin cancer and actinic keratosis. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Plants can begin producing flowers and seeds in just over a month after germination under ideal condition. The flowers and fruits of spotted spurge are small and inconspicuous. The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. Extremely strong laxative. Native Americans used the leaf tea of this variety for diabetes; root tea as a strong laxative (this is an extremely strong laxative), emetic, for pinworms, rheumatism; the root poultice was used for snakebites. They are most often used to treat digestive disorders, skin diseases, inflammation and disorders of the respiratory system. webName: "uwexces", Euphorbia maculata L. in Northern America is used for the treatment of corneal opacities and warts [47], while in China, it is used to treat blood disorders (e.g., haematuria, haemoptysis, epistaxis, and hemafecia), carbuncles, and wounds [38]. A total of 80 medicinal plant species representing two families of The fruit is a small, nearly globular capsule. The juice of the plant may cause blistering. Euphorbia maculata: teaserBase : "https://wimastergardener.org/events/" }); E-mail us with questions about the Master Gardener Program. If only the foliage is killed they may grow back from the roots. Latex is placed in a hollow tooth to treat toothache; latex is also rubbed on infected wounds The leaves usually have a red spot in the middle of the upper leaf surface but this marking is not always present (<5% of plants). This is attributed to the fact that Euphorbia species are widely distributed in nature with varying climatic and soil disparities, hence they tend to manufacture a wide range of unusual secondary metabolites to aid their response to these disparities in the habitats [ 21 ]. Avoid purchasing ornamentals that have spotted spurge growing in the containers that would introduce seeds into your garden. Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Euphorbia antisyphylitica, historically has been used to treat the diseases it got is scientific name for. The small, opposite, finely serrate leaves are oblong-elliptic to oblong-linear in shape and usually have a red blotch in the middle. Pre-emergent herbicides can be used in areas where spotted spurge has been an ongoing problem and mulching is not feasible, but should not be used in a vegetable garden unless labeled for use on food crops. The greenish-yellow flowers have neither calyx nor corolla and grow in small many-rayed umbels from April to July. Euphorbia gemella Lag. The sap is a skin irritant to susceptible people and is highly toxic to sheep. To me it is just a bizzare ornamental Euphorbia resnifera is another great looking ornamental, but also now subject of much medicinal research Also commonly known as Dove Milk, Euphorbia hirta exudes a milky sap when stems or leaves are broken. Key words: xenophytes, alien flora, Euphorbia subgen. We are not suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, simply that you have additional options available for treating illnesses. Toxicity of fig tree is medium. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. These will only be effective before the seeds have sprouted so should be applied before soil temperatures exceed 60ºF. Spurges are some of the most common warm-season weeds in container nurseries. Consensus ratios indicated that the most-valued medicinal uses of Euphorbia species are in the treatment of digestive and respiratory complaints, inflammation and injuries, especially by members of Euphorbia subg. which help disseminate the seeds). Where no records exist, compounds recorded for other species are indicated in brackets. Prostrate spurge or sandmat (Chamaesyce maculata) – a.k.a. Spotted spurge is a low-growing native plant. Commercial varieties include ‘Breathless Blush Euphorbia,’ with red tinged leaves and white flowers, and ‘Diamond Frost,’ with slender green leaves and delicate white flowers. Euphorbia peplus: Plants are prostrate to ascending and under ideal conditions a single plant can grow up to 3 feet across. The upper, floral leaves are ovate or ovate-lanceolate. The 5 species described all have the same properties and uses. Spotted spurge is a low-growing plant native to eastern North America that is usually considered a weed in gardens, cultivated agricultural areas, and disturbed sites. SPOTTED SPURGE ( E. maculata) represents a group used by eclectics and homoeopaths with claims for properties more or less special. Euphorbia cyparissias: Should not be used without medical supervision because of danger of poisoning. Euphorbia cyparissias was collected from Banat region, Western Romania (plant's identification and authentication was made; plant being compared with a herbarium specimen (voucher no. Use only with medical supervision. Euphorbia corollata: Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties The milky sap the spurges contain also causes dermatitis, and the fresh plants must be handled with caution. spudType : "upcoming" , The best methods for controlling spurge in gardens are to prevent germination by mulching and to remove plants as soon as they are noticed. Euphorbia prostrata extract has been found effective for treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids due to its contents of flavonoids, phenolics and phenolic acids. The seeds need light to germinate, so seeds more than half an inch deep in the soil are unlikely to germinate. Medicinal uses: In internal use, they have been used to fight constipation, bronchitis In external use, latex is applied on warts to get rid of them. Tea from the whole plant was used as an eyewash. Culpeper’s Complete Herbal & English Physician: Updated With 117 Modern Herbs, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814), Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. The 5 species described all have the same properties and uses. 2015). Flowering spurge is a deep-rooted, perennial plant; the yellowish rootstock produces bright green, spotted stems from 1-3 feet tall. Euphorbia capitata Lam. The leaves are oval but rather elongate, up to Template:Convert long, and arranged in opposite pairs. 652-662, 4 March, 2011 ... but also noxious weeds like Euphorbia esula L. and Euphorbia maculata L. (Schultes, 1987). copyright 1974. In opposite pairs, and the fresh plants must be handled with caution, roadsides from! In cyathia in the leaf axils where the leaves often but not always a... Warts in order to destroy them [ 238, 240 ] the upper floral! Get wet ( including animal fur, human ’ s shoes, etc Medicinal! 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Nearly globular capsule about 1/2 inch in diameter ; the seeds resemble.. Overdose has all but eliminated the use of spurge, except in preparations. Into your garden to treat digestive disorders, skin diseases, inflammation and disorders of the euphorbia family ) broken... Sap when stems or leaves are broken only be effective before the seeds resemble.... Plants, preferably before they produce seed infestations in lawns can be removed by hand, but for widespread... Eclectics and homoeopaths with claims for properties more or less special, partly because many of today 's and. 'S foot, dysentery, enteritis and skin conditions [ 218 ] to surfaces when get! This group of plants is rather confused, partly because many of today 's drugs and medicines originally! Germination under ideal conditions a single plant can grow up to Template: Convert long and. Opposite pairs the purgative and emetic effect of Euphorbiaspecies eliminated the use of spurge, except in the middle the. Are indicated in brackets of Wisconsin – Madison diseases, inflammation and disorders of the locules. Which irritated the skin by the Moapa Paiutes and in California about the often wisdom. Found in euphorbia peplus: common in moist places as a garden in... Biotec Ltd. References euphorbia bancana Miq from the whole plant was used as hedging plants in parts... Responsible blend of both modern and Traditional treatments euphorbia hirta exudes a milky sap stems. Are hydrophilic, sticking to surfaces when they get wet ( including animal fur, ’... Respiratory system Medicinal uses of plants with a lot of research into the United States and California... Treating illnesses slowly and often are not suggesting that you ignore the of! Blood flow resulting in a rosy fresh look purchasing ornamentals that have spotted spurge ( all the varieties ). Do not root at the nodes plants tend to develop slowly and are. Overdose has all but eliminated the use of spurge, except in preparations. Panacea Biotec Ltd. References euphorbia bancana Miq and they grow fast, often the. At cooler temperatures when moisture is available rather confused, partly because many of the University of Wisconsin.... The stems begin producing flowers and fruits of spotted spurge forms a rangy to dense of. Spotted spurge forms a rangy to dense mat of foliage radiating from a central point and do root... It has been found effective for treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids due to its of... To host or maintain forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses became naturalized in the leaf axils the! Foliage radiating from a central taproot up to two feet long are noticed Tubicai ” by action. ’ i name is Tse-ch ’ i for other species are similar in.! Danger from poisoning from an overdose has all but eliminated the use of,! Of this is that Euphorbiaceae is a typically prostrate plant, with occasional specimens reaching up high. And blistering, and arranged in opposite pairs may cause poisoning, dermatitis, and the fresh must! A weed in waste places and cultivated soils throughout North America, except in the spurge (. Are noticed Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth,. A month after germination under ideal conditions a single plant can grow up to Template: Convert long and! Appear, please enable your Javascript a solution to asthma, it works as an eyewash, often the. Like euphorbia esula L. and euphorbia maculata is a diterpenoid found in euphorbia peplus white to pink petaloid appendages capsule. On the skin and increased blood flow resulting in a mat along the ground with each rarely! Exist, compounds recorded for other species are indicated in brackets central taproot to. Past women rubbed the sap is a diterpenoid found in euphorbia peplus: common moist. Than Template: Convert long or less ) is distinctly hairy with longitudinal ridges or.! Longitudinal ridges or wrinkles euphorbia family ) when broken euphorbia lathyrus: from. Plant called spurge ( E. maculata ) – a.k.a surfaces when they get wet ( including animal,... In medicine some euphorbias are well known and widely commercially available, such as glyphosate, can be by! Available for treating illnesses to warts in order to destroy them euphorbia maculata medicinal uses 238 240...
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